Welcome to the blog of the course and textbook Facing up to global warming: What is going on and what you can do about it. This course is run by Professor Nick Gray of the Trinity Centre for the Environment at Trinity College Dublin.

Tuesday, October 13, 2015

Aviation fuel use set to rocket despite better engine efficiency

Greenhouse gas emissions from commercial air travel is a major contributor to global warming emitting approximately 700 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) in 2012 alone. 

A new report from the International Council on Clean Transportation (icct) (www.theicct.org) Fuel efficiency trends for new commercial jet aircraft: 1960 to 2014 has explored the fuel efficiency in relation to UN targets.


It shows that  aviation fuel use, including military aircraft, quadrupled between 1960 and 2006.  While most countries are agreeing to 80% reductions in emissions by 2050, aviation fuel use is expect to increase by 300% over the same period.  The report explores how efforts to increase fuel efficiency of aircraft is continuing having already achieved an annual rate of reduction of 1.3% since 1968. Between 1968 and 2014 the average fuel burn of new aircraft fell approximately 45%, or a compound annual reduction rate of 1.3%. However, the efficiency of new aircraft are still a decade behind the United Nations’ fuel efficiency goals for new aircraft.



23 comments:

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    Replies
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    2. AVAILABLE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - D2, D6, JP54 & JETA1.

      WE HAVE AVAILABLE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS FROM RELIABLE REFINERY IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION WITH BEST PRICE AND QUALITY.
      BELOW PRODUCT ARE AVAILABLE WITH BEST OFFERS - FOB CI DIP AND PAY.

      JP54: Quantity: 500,000-2,000,000 Barrels
      D2: Quantity: 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons
      D6 Virgin: Quantity: 400,000,000-800,000,000 Gallon

      SERIOUS BUYERS PLEASE CONTACT US FOR MORE DETAILS WITH YOUR SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS SO AS TO ENABLE US PROVIDE YOU WITH OUR WORKABLE PROCEDURE.
      Sincerely.

      Maksim Yaroslav (Mr.)
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      EMAIL: neftegazconsultant@mail.ru
      Skype: neftegazconsultant
      TEL: +7 9265036551

      Delete
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      Also we work with other foreign partnered refineries in allocation production.

      Regards,
      Julian Alessandov
      Email:oilandgaztreyd@mail.ru
      Email:oilandgaztrey@yandex.ru

      Delete
  2. We Can supply Aviation Kerosene,Jet fuel (JP 54-A1,5), Diesel (Gas Oil) and Fuel Oil D2, D6,ETC in FOB/Rotterdam only, base email us (neftegazagent@yandex.ru)

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  3. AVAILABLE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - D2, D6, JP54 & JETA1.

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    JP54: Quantity: 500,000-2,000,000 Barrels
    D2: Quantity: 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons
    D6 Virgin: Quantity: 400,000,000-800,000,000 Gallon

    SERIOUS BUYERS PLEASE CONTACT US FOR MORE DETAILS WITH YOUR SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS SO AS TO ENABLE US PROVIDE YOU WITH OUR WORKABLE PROCEDURE.
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    Maksim Yaroslav (Mr.)
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    EMAIL: neftegazconsultant@mail.ru
    Skype: neftegazconsultant
    TEL: +7 9265036551

    ReplyDelete
  4. We Can supply Aviation Kerosene,Jet fuel (JP 54-A1,5), Diesel (Gas Oil) and Fuel Oil D2, D6,ETC in FOB/Rotterdam only, serious buyer should contact now base email us (neftegazagent@yandex.ru)

    PRODUCT AVAILABLE IN ROTTERDAM/ CI DIP AND PAY IN SELLER EX-SHORE TANK.

    Russia D2 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons FOB Rotterdam Port.

    JP54 5000,000 Barrels per Month FOB Rotterdam.

    JA1 Jet Fuel 10,000,000 Barrels FOB Rotterdam.

    D6 Virgin Fuel Oil 800,000,000 Gallon FOB Rotterdam.

    E-mail: neftegazagent@yandex.ru
    E: neftegazagent@mail.ru
    E: neftegazagent@yahoo.com

    Best Regards
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    Skype: neftegazagent

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  6. Jp54,D6,JA1,D2, Available FOB Rotterdam
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  8. We Can supply Aviation Kerosene,Jet fuel (JP 54-A1,5), Diesel (Gas Oil) and Fuel Oil D2, D6,ETC in FOB/Rotterdam only, serious buyer should contact or if you have serious buyers my seller is ready to close this deal fast contact us below:now base email us (neftegazagent@yandex.ru)

    PRODUCT AVAILABLE IN ROTTERDAM/ CI DIP AND PAY IN SELLER EX-SHORE TANK.

    Russia D2 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons FOB Rotterdam Port.

    JP54 5000,000 Barrels per Month FOB Rotterdam.

    JA1 Jet Fuel 10,000,000 Barrels FOB Rotterdam.

    D6 Virgin Fuel Oil 800,000,000 Gallon FOB Rotterdam.

    E-mail: neftegazagent@yandex.ru
    E: neftegazagent@mail.ru
    E: neftegazagent@yahoo.com

    Best Regards
    (Mr.) Vladislav Yakov
    Skype: neftegazagent

    Thank You

    ReplyDelete
  9. Dear sir/madam

    We are direct and official end seller's mandate in the Russia Federation, our major aim is to bring buyers and seller together positively in other to achieve a common goal.
    For further inquiring kindly contact us with the below information to enable us revert with official SCO.
    Our products of supply are Russia D2, Jet Fuel, D6 etc.
    We would be glad to build a solid, long lasting and mutually beneficial business relationship with your esteemed company.

    Krivtsov Afanasy (Mr.)
    Tel: +7 9265036559
    4 Blvd. Kirishi, Leningrad Region Russia 187110
    E-mail: Krivtsovoilconsultant@yandex.ru
    Email: krivtsovoilgasconsultant@mail.ru
    Skype: krivtsovoilandgasconsultant

    ReplyDelete
  10. We Can supply Aviation Kerosene,Jet fuel (JP 54-A1,5), Diesel (Gas Oil) and Fuel Oil D2, D6,ETC in FOB/Rotterdam only, serious buyer should contact or if you have serious buyers my seller is ready to close this deal fast contact us below:now base email us (neftegazagent@yandex.ru)

    PRODUCT AVAILABLE IN ROTTERDAM/ CI DIP AND PAY IN SELLER EX-SHORE TANK.

    Russia D2 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons FOB Rotterdam Port.

    JP54 5000,000 Barrels per Month FOB Rotterdam.

    JA1 Jet Fuel 10,000,000 Barrels FOB Rotterdam.

    D6 Virgin Fuel Oil 800,000,000 Gallon FOB Rotterdam.

    E-mail: neftegazagent@yandex.ru
    E: neftegazagent@mail.ru
    E: neftegazagent@yahoo.com

    Best Regards
    (Mr.) Vladislav Yakov
    Skype: neftegazagent

    Thank You

    ReplyDelete
  11. Dear sir/madam

    We are direct and official end seller's mandate in the Russia Federation, our major aim is to bring buyers and seller together positively in other to achieve a common goal.
    For further inquiring kindly contact us with the below information to enable us revert with official SCO.
    Our products of supply are Russia D2, Jet Fuel, D6 etc.
    We would be glad to build a solid, long lasting and mutually beneficial business relationship with your esteemed company.

    Krivtsov Afanasy (Mr.)
    Tel: +7 9265036559
    4 Blvd. Kirishi, Leningrad Region Russia 187110
    E-mail: Krivtsovoilconsultant@yandex.ru
    Email: krivtsovoilgasconsultant@mail.ru
    Skype: krivtsovoilandgasconsultant

    ReplyDelete
  12. We Can supply Aviation Kerosene,Jet fuel (JP 54-A1,5), Diesel (Gas Oil) and Fuel Oil D2, D6,ETC in FOB/Rotterdam only, serious buyer should contact or if you have serious buyers my seller is ready to close this deal fast contact us below:now base email us (neftegazagent@yandex.ru)

    PRODUCT AVAILABLE IN ROTTERDAM/ CI DIP AND PAY IN SELLER EX-SHORE TANK.

    Russia D2 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons FOB Rotterdam Port.

    JP54 5000,000 Barrels per Month FOB Rotterdam.

    JA1 Jet Fuel 10,000,000 Barrels FOB Rotterdam.

    D6 Virgin Fuel Oil 800,000,000 Gallon FOB Rotterdam.

    E-mail: neftegazagent@yandex.ru
    E: neftegazagent@mail.ru
    E: neftegazagent@yahoo.com

    Best Regards
    (Mr.) Vladislav Yakov
    Skype: neftegazagent

    Thank You

    ReplyDelete
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    ReplyDelete
  15. AVAILABLE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - D2, D6, JP54 & JETA1.

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    BELOW PRODUCT ARE AVAILABLE WITH BEST OFFERS - FOB CI DIP AND PAY.

    JP54: Quantity: 500,000-2,000,000 Barrels
    D2: Quantity: 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons
    D6 Virgin: Quantity: 400,000,000-800,000,000 Gallon

    SERIOUS BUYERS PLEASE CONTACT US FOR MORE DETAILS WITH YOUR SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS SO AS TO ENABLE US PROVIDE YOU WITH OUR WORKABLE PROCEDURE.
    Sincerely.

    Maksim Yaroslav (Mr.)
    EMAIL: neftegazconsultant@yandex.ru
    EMAIL: neftegazconsultant@mail.ru
    Skype: neftegazconsultant
    TEL: +7 9265036551

    ReplyDelete
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    ReplyDelete
  17. Are you looking for a Genuine and reliable Supplier of JP54,JA1,D2 and D6? Worry no more as Rostislav Oil Consultant have Available FOB Rotterdam for JP54,JA1,D2 and D6 with good and workable procedure,whereby buyer will dip test in seller tank Kindly Contact us via (Krivtsovoilconsultant@yandex.ru) for SCO.
    Regards
    Krivtsov Afanasy
    Tel: +7 9265036559
    4 Blvd. Kirishi, Leningrad Region Russia 187110
    E-mail: Krivtsovoilconsultant@yandex.ru
    Email: krivtsovoilgasconsultant@mail.ru
    Skype: krivtsovoilandgasconsultant

    ReplyDelete
  18. Oilgaztreyd LLC has been in business of production, marketing and exporting of all petroleum and petrochemical products for the past 15 years. We have been an established and popular company with an excellent track record for the best customer satisfaction. We have never compromised on the quality and the services provided to the customer. We believe in keeping the customers happy and providing them with products at a very competent price. We have an excellent staffs who will guide you with their best ideas by keeping in constant touch with your company and informing about the market trends. We are also interested to establish a mutual business relationship with buyers, facilitators and resellers all over the world with basic aim of supplying them with our products such as follow D2, jetFuel A1,JP54,Mazut M100,D6,Base Oil and Bitumen.

    Also we work with other foreign partnered refineries in allocation production.

    Regards,
    Julian Alessandov
    Email:oilandgaztreyd@mail.ru
    Email:oilandgaztrey@yandex.ru

    ReplyDelete
  19. Oilgaztreyd LLC has been in business of production, marketing and exporting of all petroleum and petrochemical products for the past 15 years. We have been an established and popular company with an excellent track record for the best customer satisfaction. We have never compromised on the quality and the services provided to the customer. We believe in keeping the customers happy and providing them with products at a very competent price. We have an excellent staffs who will guide you with their best ideas by keeping in constant touch with your company and informing about the market trends. We are also interested to establish a mutual business relationship with buyers, facilitators and resellers all over the world with basic aim of supplying them with our products such as follow D2, jetFuel A1,JP54,Mazut M100,D6,Base Oil and Bitumen.

    Also we work with other foreign partnered refineries in allocation production.

    Regards,
    Julian Alessandov
    Email:oilandgaztreyd@mail.ru
    Email:oilandgaztrey@yandex.ru

    ReplyDelete
  20. We Can supply Aviation Kerosene,Jet fuel (JP 54-A1,5), Diesel (Gas Oil) and Fuel Oil D2, D6,ETC in FOB/Rotterdam only, serious buyer should contact or if you have serious buyers my seller is ready to close this deal fast contact us below:now base email us (neftegazagent@yandex.ru)

    PRODUCT AVAILABLE IN ROTTERDAM/ CI DIP AND PAY IN SELLER EX-SHORE TANK.

    Russia D2 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons FOB Rotterdam Port.

    JP54 5000,000 Barrels per Month FOB Rotterdam.

    JA1 Jet Fuel 10,000,000 Barrels FOB Rotterdam.

    D6 Virgin Fuel Oil 800,000,000 Gallon FOB Rotterdam.

    E-mail: neftegazagent@yandex.ru
    E: neftegazagent@mail.ru
    E: neftegazagent@yahoo.com

    Best Regards
    (Mr.) Vladislav Yakov
    Skype: neftegazagent

    Thank You

    ReplyDelete